Closeup of a woman's mouth with a dental mirror to check for gum disease during a checkup

What Causes Gum Disease?

November 16, 2020 8:00 am | Published by

When your oral health isn’t up to par, it can start to wreak havoc on your overall health. Gum disease, for example, can have a wide array of repercussions if not taken care of right away.

In this blog post, our team discusses what causes gum disease and go over some treatment options to restore your smile’s health!

How to Prevent Gum Disease

The best protection against gum disease includes:

  • Brushing twice a day for two minutes each time
  • Flossing every day
  • Visiting Vista Ridge Family Dentistry for routine cleanings and checkups
  • Consuming a balanced diet
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Avoiding tobacco products

Causes of Gum Disease

The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. This results in a buildup of plaque between the teeth, along the gumline, and under the gums. Plaque irritates gums and causes them to become tender, swollen, abnormally red, and prone to bleeding.

Irritated and inflamed gums will also gradually pull away from the teeth. As gums recede and detach from the teeth, pockets form that harbor bacteria. Eventually, these irritated gums will become infected, which can result in pain, tooth loss, and bone loss.

There are various other factors that can increase your risk of gum disease. For example:

  • Misaligned teeth make it more difficult to properly remove bacteria and food debris during your oral hygiene routine, increasing your risk of tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Nutritional deficiencies and tobacco usage reduce your body’s ability to repair tissue and fight off bacteria and infection.
  • Various medications and certain medical conditions can also suppress your immune system and disease-fighting ability.
  • Hormonal fluctuations, vomiting, and a carbohydrate-rich diet during pregnancy can increase a woman’s risk of gum disease.
  • Some patients are more prone to gum disease because of their genetics.

Gum Disease Treatment Options

Early gingivitis, characterized by mild gum inflammation, can often be reversed with improved daily oral hygiene and oral health habits. And for later stages, there are a variety of treatment options available to restore your gum health.

  • Scaling & Root Planing – is utilized for the early stages of gum disease. This treatment deep cleans and disinfects the teeth and gums. Once the teeth and gums are bacteria-free, the gums are recontoured to encourage the gums to reattach to the teeth below.
  • ARESTIN® – antibiotics are placed into the deep pockets formed at the gumline. Pockets are a breeding ground for bad bacteria and infection.
  • Laser Gum Therapy – can treat more advanced stages of gum disease to remove diseased tissue and promote gum repair.

Improve Your Gum Health at Vista Ridge Family Dentistry

Do you have questions about gum disease or our periodontal services? Please contact Vista Ridge Family Dentistry to schedule an appointment. We also invite you to explore our website to learn about our comprehensive family-friendly services and our payment options.

Contact Us



Categorised in: